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Upgrade Access SQL dialect to current ANSI standards

MS Access's ACE SQL engine continues to run with a variant form of ANSI-89 with some ANSI-92 features while the rest of the relational database world has adopted more recent ANSI standards and at the very least fully comply to the universal, lowest common denominator standard accepted in the industry: ANSI-1992.

Being a highly used, worldwide database for small to medium-sized shops and its popularity with the Office suite, enhancing Access's dialect to industry standards will add value to current and future users including the Microsoft brand. Even SQLite, a similar, very popular file-level database as open-source counterpart to Access, has a richer, more expressive updated SQL dialect.

Such specific features that would greatly enhance the expressiveness, portability, and efficiency of Access queries would include:


- Support of other joins - FULL OUTER JOIN, NATURAL JOIN, and CROSS JOIN; with use of USING clause;
- Support of CASE statements as more enhanced, portable version than IIF() especially for nested logic;
- Support of distinct aggregate functions: COUNT (DISTINCT ...), AVG (DISTINCT ...), SUM (DISTINCT ...);
- Support of wildcards operator, %, in GUI rather than * or use of ALIKE or restricted to ODBC/OLEDB queries;
- Support of CAST for data type changes as opposed to the non-portable C-functions: CStr, CDbl, CLong, CDate, etc.;
- Support of COALESCE for handling of NULL across columns as opposed to nested IIF(..IS NULL) or NZ();
- Elimination of the parentheses requirements for more than one JOIN which often frustrate many new users and require the use of Access GUI's Design View to build complex queries;
- Support of ON clause conditions on single table fields rather than joining tables first and then running WHERE.

Other ANSI

- ANSI-1999: Common Table Expressions (CTE) using WITH clause for more readable, maintainable, and less repetitive SQL code than subqueries and derived tables (supported in SQLite as of version 3.8.3, released 2014-02-03);
- ANSI-2003: Window functions using OVER and PARTITION BY clauses to supplant the domain (DSum, DMax, DCount, etc.) functions with more efficiency than correlated subqueries (supported in SQLite as of version 3.25, released 2018-09-15);
- ANSI-2003: Support for MERGE statement for synchronous UPDATE and INSERT needs based on conditional logic.

Other recommendations

- Support of EXPLAIN <QUERY> to allow users evaluate query operations especially use of indexes;
- Support of CREATE DATABASE as opposed to requiring code for creating .mdb/.accdb files;
- Support of CREATE TABLE AS instead of only SELECT * INTO for clarity of DDL action;
- Support of CREATE VIEW AS instead of requiring code with QueryDefs for creating stored queries;
- Distribute the ACE engine (.dll) as a shared object (.so) with CLI (similar to SQLite) for Unix (Mac, Linux) users (e.g., SQL Server 2016/2017 is now supported on Linux).

With backwards compatibility, above changes is a challenge but such features can be integrated with newer versions of the ACE engine (.dll) to be distributed to users, or with add-on patches, or entirely new Access version.

Additionally, though Microsoft strategically intends to keep SQL Server as its flagship database system and upgrading Access may somewhat interfere with this objective, arguably Access can be situated as a complement and not substitute to the enterprise server RDBMS. Rather than advancing Access’ front end GUI features for use as a complement to Excel, consider strengthening MS Access as a standalone, small-scale database engine product.

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